- The The 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) introduced the “Women Safety Module” which aims to capture the extent and types of VAW experienced by women (15-49 years old). Information was collected on spousal violence – covering all forms of VAW: 1) physical violence; 2) sexual violence; 3) emotional violence; and 4) economic violence (the 3rd and 4th forms of VAW were grouped together in the survey as “other forms of violence”). The module also included questions on marital control, which may fall either under emotional/psychological violence or economic violence.
- The NDHS revealed that one in five women aged 15-49 has experienced physical violence since age 15; 14.4 percent of married women have experienced physical abuse from their husbands; and more than one-third (37%) of separated or widowed women have experienced physical violence, implying that domestic violence could be the reason for separation or annulment
- One in twenty five women age 15-49 who have ever had sex ever experienced forced first sexual intercourse
- One in ten women age 15-49 ever experienced sexual violence
Physical Violence During Pregnancy
- Overall, 4 percent of women who have ever been pregnant have ever experienced physical violence during pregnancy. The incident increases slightly with number of living children; decreases slightly with age; decreases with education level; and declines steadily with wealth quintile.
- Emotional and other forms of non-personal violence are the most common types of spousal violence (23% of ever-married women). One in seven ever-married women experienced physical violence by their husbands while 8 percent experienced sexual violence by their husbands.
- Patterns in prevalence of spousal violence are similar to those of violence experienced by woman 15-49. Most likely higher among separated, widowed and divorced; currently married women who have married more than once; and in CARAGA region, Central Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN.
Spousal Violence by Husband’s Characteristics
- Spousal Violence tends to decline as husband’s age increases, education increases, and wealth quintile increases.
Consequences of Spousal Violence
- One in three women who experienced physical/sexual violence reported having physical injuries such as cuts, bruises or aches. More than 10 percent reported to have suffered eye injuries, sprains, dislocations or burns, and about the same proportion reported that they attempted to commit suicide.
- Three in five women who experienced physical/sexual violence reported having experienced psychological consequences like depression, anxiety and anger.
Violence Initiated by Women Against Husbands
- Women were asked, “Have you ever hit, slapped, kicked, or done anything else to physically hurt your (last) husband at times when he was not already beating or physically hurting you?”. 16 percent answered “Yes, ever” and 9 percent answered “Yes, in the last 12 months”
VAW Reported to the Philippine National Police
- In 2011 the number of VAW cases reported to the Philippine National Police (PNP) decreases by 14.3 percent from the 2010 report. The decrease caused the trend to go downward after a five-year upward trend from 2006 to 2010.
- The 2010 report (15,104) is so far the highest number of reported VAW cases since 1997.
- The trend, however, is not conclusive of a decreasing or increasing VAW incidence in the country because data are based only from what was reported to PNP.
- Across an eight-year period from 2004 to 2011, average violations of RA 9262 ranked first at 49.0 percent among the different VAW categories since its implementation in 2004.
- Reported cases under RA 9262 continue to increase from 218 in 2004 to 9,021 cases in 2011. Continuous information campaign on the law and its strict implementation may have caused the increasing trend.
- Since 2004, wife battering cases have been categorized under ‘Violation of RA 9262’ that is, if the victim files a case under such law, otherwise the reported cases will fall under physical injuries category.
- Physical injury is now the second most prevalent case across the eight-year period, accounting for 23.5 percent of all reported VAW cases nationwide.
|Acts of Lasciviousness||580||536||382||358||445||485||745||625|
|Abduction / Kidnapping||29||16||34||23||28||18||25||22|
* 2011 report covers only from January to August
Source: Philippine National Police – Women and Children Protection Center (WCPC)
- Reported incidence of physical injury has been decreasing in the latter years. Its peak was in 2001 at 5,668 reported cases.
- The decrease can be partly attributed to the enactment into law of RA 9262 or Anti-VAWC Act of 2004 which penalizes abusive husbands and live-in partners. However, in 2009 and 2010 the reported cases show an increasing trend but it slides back in 2011.
- Reported rape cases which ranked third accounted for about 10.3 percent of total reported VAW cases from 2004 to 2011.
- Acts of lasciviousness ranked fourth at an average of 520 reported cases accounting for 6.2 percent of all reported VAW cases from 2004 to 2011. The comparative figures indicate an upward trend of the reported cases after a record low of 382 reported cases in 2006.
- Among the different regions, Region 6 (Western Visayas) posted the highest reported VAW cases from January to December 2011 with 2,772 reported cases, accounting for 21.4 percent of the total reported VAW cases nationwide.
- Region 11 (Davao) comes next at 2,490 (19.2%) reported VAW cases followed by Region 7 (Central Visayas) with 1,447 reported VAW cases or 11.2 percent of the total reported VAW cases nationwide.
- The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) posted the lowest reported VAW cases with 81 cases in 2011.
*This is from http://pcw.gov.ph/statistics/201210/statistics-violence-against-filipino-women
- International Women’s Day 2013: Focus on Violence Against Women and Girls (iywg.wordpress.com)
- Domestic violence against women campaign – are women so innocent? (ozziematt.wordpress.com)
- Third of women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual violence (earththreats.com)
- Domestic Violence Affects 1 in 3 Women (abcnews.go.com)
- WHO: More than one-third of women suffer from sexual, physical violence (cbsnews.com)
- Gabriela urges celebrities to help end rape, not joke about it (bulatlat.com)